|OCTA CA-NV Chapter Trails History||Updated on December 8, 2005|
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|Lassen Thread Message # 24|
|date||November 28, 2005|
|subject||More Silva on Fremont and Lassen|
I am passing this along to the list from Richard Silva who is off-list. What was "attached" is now at the bottom of the page. I have done a little editing for clarity.
Stafford>Attached is some work I have done on Fremont's route north to Tulelake
>Basin. I will work on the route north from Tulelake. This will be much
>easier. I need to do some editing, I thought you might like to see it
>before the edit maybe :-)? >
>Fremont did not follow the trapper trail up Cow Creek. He did explore it
>and turned around back to Lassens. I have his maps and have studied them,
>this is what I come up with. >Maybe this will bring out more info.? Unless you
>know the area from the Sacramento River north it is hard to set his route
>to the Pit River. By his map and description of high mountains and snow, part
>of this route has possibilities. I have been over most of the area. Fremont
>could have joined the trapper trail somewhere on lower Hat Creek, even if
>his map does not show that route. In his journal on the return to the
>Sacramento Valley he entered it more to the north, close to the trapper
>trail up Cow Creek, which he explored before he set out to the north,
>map does not show this route.
> From Tulelake to the Lost River, Fremont will cross southeast of today's
>Klamath Falls [at about] 6 miles, at the ford near Olene Hot Springs on
>This is also where Ogden would cross on his turn around south of Tulelake to
>Oregon via the Siskiyou Trail [in 1826-27]. This was a natural ford lot of
>found. Later the rest of the story.
>Frémont's 1846 Route North From Lassens
>Frémont arrived at Lassens March 30, 1846, stayed six days.. Our position
>on the river being in 39º 57' 00'' latitude, and longitude 121º 56' 44''
>(This is in error) 6.1 miles east.
>April 5, continued up the Sacramento River.
>April 7, We traveled toward the Shastl peak. Leaving the Sacramento, at a
>stream called Red Bank Creek (Red Bluff today) 5 miles south is French
>Crossing. Note Wilkes Expedition, maps shows French Crossing, have
>studied this crossing with BLM.
>Continuing on north, We encamped on a large stream called Cottonwood
>Creek. We continued sixteen miles up the valley, and encamped..We are now
>near the head of he lower valley..The valley of the Sacramento is divided
>into upper and lower.. The upper known to the trappers as Pitt
>river.. April 8.
>April 9, ..we boated the river, and continued our journey eastward toward
>the foot of the Sierra..we crossed a creek ..called Cow Creek..Turning
>southward , we retraced our steps down the valley, and reached Lassens, on
>Deer River on the evening of the 11th.
>April 14th and 15th, established the longitude of the place in 120º 56'
>44'' longitude, latitude obtained 39º 57' 04'' (This is in error) near
>60 miles east, possible error in my book? The Expeditions of John Charles
>Frémont,Vol 2 MaryLee Spence and Donald Jackson.
>On the 24th I left Lassen's.. Travelling up the Sacramento over ground
>already described, we reached the head of the lower valley..
>April 26th left the Sacramento , going up one of the many pretty little
>streams that flow into the main river..around the head of the lower
>valley. On either side low, steep ridges..called Nozah River.
>(Frémont's map shows east of the mouth of Cottowwood Creek. Is Battle
>Creek. If Frémont followed Battle Creek? There is also another alternate
>Noble Route along Battle Creek, starting west of Deer Flat, Note Allen
>Tyrell, 1860 journal
>September 15, Came 14 miles and camped at Pine Grove. The cattle are
>driven a mile and a half to Sturgeon Flat to find feed which is none of
>the best. We buy hay at 1 ½ cts. for the horses and keep. them here. The
>water here is good and is conducted from a spring to a large trough
>furnishing an abundance. Road today best we have in these mountains having
>mostly been descending and smooth. There is a fine little tavern here
>besides a blacksmithshop and dwelling
>Jackson Myres and Albright separated from us about 8 miles taking the left
>hand to Red Bluff. This road leads to the same place but the one they took
>was 15 miles nearer..
>I had only an observation for latitude,..40º 38' 58'' ..The day following
>we found a good way along a flat ridge; there was a pretty stream in a
>mountain valley on the right.. Could this be Hat Creek?
>The next day I continued up the stream on which we had slept, and with it
>the mountain slope rose rapidly,..On crossing one of the high ridges,
>snow..and an hour before noon we reached a pass in the main ridge of the
>Sierra Nevada..where the snow was in patches. This pass..is in the
>terminating point of the northern link of the Sierra Nevada chain, which
>the cascade range takes up with link of the Shastl peak. Between the
>pints of these links the upper Sacramento River breaks down on its way to
>the Bay of the San Franciso and the Tlamath River to the sea. Possible
>following part of the Nobles Pass Trail to Butte Creek turning north to
>the Pit River east of Pittville on the "First Old Yreka Road, Old Lassens
>Trail" Lockhart Wagon Road, and Lassen Trail (Note: Military Records of
>this route. Frémont's map show his route in this area, east of the Pit River,
>On the 29th of April I encamped on the upper Sacramento River, (Pit River)
>above Fall River,.. I obtained observations here, which gave for longitude
>121º 07' 59'' and for latitude 40º 58' 43'' (In error, Should be adjusted
>west not as much error as his other longitudes, l put route east of Pit
>River as of his map. Map shows crossing of the Pit River and also crossing
>the hill southwest of Bieber from the Fall River Valley.
>..And the next day again encamped on it at the upper end of a valley, to
>which, from its marked form, I gave the name Round Valley (Big Valley). By
>observation the longitude here is 121º 01' 23'' latitude 41º 17' 17'' In
>error Adjusted longitude 5.2 miles west to east side of Pit River.
>On the first of May I encamped on the southeastern end of a lake, which
>afterwards I named Lake Rhett..I obtained observations here which placed
>this end of the lake in longitude 121º 15' 24'' latitude 41º 48' 49''.
>(In error) Adjusted longitude 5.32 miles west to Copic Bay, drawing by Mr.
>Kern is earliest record of the Tulelake area, with this I can adjust his
>camp almost exact. Working with the BLM on marking his camping area.
>Frémont after leaving Round Valley he would follow very close to the
>trappers trail crossing the Pit River following Turner Creek to Copic Bay,
>just to south of Tulelake Lake. that he named. This route is also the 1827
>route of Ogden and 1829 route of Mcleod Also working with the BLM on
>marking these routes.
>[To Be] Continued
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