I've been following the Lassen thread with great admiration for the
knowledge displayed by the various contributors. By coincidence, I just
found a brief article which appeared exactly 146 years ago today:
"A Masonic Committee from San Francisco, says the Shasta Courier, have
gone to Black Rock for the purpose of exhuming the remains of Peter
Lassen, who, it will be remembered, was killed by the Indians last
summer. He was a charter member of "Western Star Lodge No 2," of Shasta."
Mountain Democrat (Placerville, Calif.), November 26, 1859, p. 3, c. 2
Here are some other articles with minor references to Lassen:
"Meeting of Emigrants - The New Road
We have received a report of a meeting held by the late emigration from
the United States, in conjunction with a wagon party from Oregon,
traveling into California, upon their arrival in Sacramento valley, on
the 31st October .
The meeting appears to have been called with an object to obtain an
expression of opinion relative to the new route taken this reason by the
emigrants, headed by Mr. Lawson, across the mountains of California. A
committee was appointed, and a report made, of which the following is an
'We found the ascent and descent to and from the mountain, very gradual
and even, and upon the whole your committee considered the pass
discovered by Capt. Law[s]on, one of the finest in the world, through
mountains so extensive as the one through which it passed. In the
opinion of your committee, a most practicable road can be made, with
very little labor through this pass; and that this route will prove of
lasting benefit to parties traveling to and from Oregon and California,
and to the United States, as it has proved to us.'" --Milwaukee Sentinel
and Gazette, February 27, 1849, p. 2, c. 2 (The Sentinel may have been
reprinted this from the California Star; if so it's probably already
familiar to the Lassen experts.)
"We have news from the Plains by persons who crossed the Sierra Nevada
on the 15th inst., having left the Missouri River on the 21st June. This
party came in the rear of the great Spring emigration to California and
suffered from the loss of animals and outfits, because of the great
scarcity of forage on all the travelled routes.
These persons represent that the emigration had about reached the foot
of the mountains on the Carson route by the sink of Mary's River; and
that near the summit of the range on this road they met relief trains
going forward to those who might need assistance. Most of the belated
emigration were induced, by representations on the way, to take the
Lawson route, which diverges to the north, on the right about 80 miles
above the sink of Mary's River; but subsequent information says that
they have taken the most difficult road, and will be from one to two
weeks later arriving at the settlements.
There has been a great deal of trouble, loss and toil from losing teams,
&c., on the way, but the people were pretty well provided with
provisions, and there are no particular maladies among them, with the
exception of slight scorbutic symptoms among some of the trains.
We neglected to say above, that relief has been sent to the Lawson
route, and that there is no apprehension of any serious calamity
befalling any person or party on that road.
On the 13th inst., it commenced snowing on the Sierra Nevada mountains,
for the first time during this season. It fell to about the depth of
eight inches." --Huron Reflector (Norwalk, Ohio), December 11, 1849, p.
5, c. 4
It appears that all the overland emigrating parties have reached
California, by the aid of the Government troops, who were despatched
with provisions, &c., to assist them in getting in. There has been a
vast amount of suffering amongst them. Hundreds of them, including men,
women and children, waded through the snow 4 and 5 feet in depth and
suffered greatly; living on their cattle which had been starved and
frozen to death. Among other females were the wife and daughter of Gen.
Wilson, of Missouri, who came the 15 or 20 miles on foot through snow or
deep mud to Lawson's Fort - their horses having fell dead on the road."
--Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvaniia), February 18, 1850, p. 8, c. 6
"From California." Letter by V. R. Smith to Dear Wife, dated Feather
River, Nov. 24th, 1849: "After a long and tedious journey I arrived at
Lawson's Ranch in the Sacramento valley, on the 2nd day of Oct, just six
months from the time I left the Missouri River... here I stopped to
recruit 15 days, gave $1 50 per meal. The fresh meat and grapes cured me
up directly." --Defiance Democrat (Defiance, Ohio), February 23, 1850,
p. 2, c. 4